Stan Lee, "Spider-Man!" Amazing Fantasy No. 15 (Sept. 1962)

Sunday, December 5, 2021

UPDATED CFP Comic Arts Conference (12/20/2021; Anaheim 4/1-3-2022)


Call for Papers, Presentations, and Participation

Comics Arts Conference

100- to 200-word abstracts for papers, presentations, and panels taking a critical or historical perspective on comics (juxtaposed images in sequence) are being accepted for a meeting of scholars and professionals at


Anaheim, CA         April 1–3, 2022

We seek proposals from a broad range of disciplinary and theoretical perspectives and welcome the participation of academic and independent scholars.  We also encourage the involvement of professionals from all areas of the comics industry, including creators, editors, publishers, retailers, distributors, and journalists.

The CAC at WonderCon is presently scheduled to take place in person; however, this may change, and presenters should be prepared to adapt to a virtual format.

The CAC is designed to bring together comics scholars, professionals, critics, and historians to engage in discussion of the comics medium in a forum that includes the public.

Proposals due December 20, 2021

CAC submission form: https://forms.gle/9MQhZiML76v8bp9T7

For more information, please contact:

Dr. Kathleen McClancy


or see our website at http://comicsartsconference.wp.txstate.edu

Monday, November 29, 2021

The Ages of Batman: Essays on the Dark Knight (1/10/2022)

The Ages of Batman: Essays on the Dark Knight

deadline for submissions: January 10, 2022

full name / name of organization: Joseph J. Darowski

contact email: agesofsuperheroes@gmail.com

source: https://call-for-papers.sas.upenn.edu/cfp/2021/11/02/the-ages-of-batman-essays-on-the-dark-knight

The editor of The Ages of Batman: Essays on the Dark Knight is seeking abstracts for essays that could be included in the upcoming collection. The essays should examine the relationships between the DC comic book adventures of Batman and the social era when those comic books were published. Analysis may demonstrate how Batman’s comic books stories and the creators who produced the comics embrace, reflect, or critique aspects of their contemporary culture. This will be a companion volume to existing essay collections in the series that have already focused on Superman, Wonder Woman, the X-Men, the Avengers, Iron Man, Hulk, the Justice League, Flash, and Black Panther.

Potential chapters include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Contextualizing the Bat: Influences and References in Batman’s First Year of Comics
  • The Early Villains: Social Fears as Rogues Gallery
  • Not-So-Grim-n-Gritty: The Silly Adventures of Batman
  • The Cold War Hits Gotham: Social Influences on Popular Culture
  • What Masculine Heroism Means in the Vietnam Era
  • A Billionaire Hero in the 1980s
  • It’s...Problematic: The Cultural Moment Surrounding The Killing Joke
  • Sale and Loeb’s WhoDunnIt: Batman: The Long Halloween and Literary Mysteries
  • A Death in the Family: Comic Books, Death, and Fan Interaction
  • Barbara Gordon’s Changing Roles
  • Batman as Corporation: The Expansion of the Batfamily
  • Snyder’s Court of Owls and Changing the Face of Villainy in Gotham
  • Batman/Catwoman and Romance in a (N)Everchanging Continuity

Essays should focus on stories featuring Batman from his own comic book series or team series. Issues of the Justice League or other teams that have included Batman as a member would be welcome for analysis, so long as the analysis focuses primarily on Batman, as would an analysis of any DC mini-series or event storyline that included Batman as a principal character. Similarly, essays focusing on characters that are closely associated with Batman would be acceptable. Robin, Batgirl, Nightwing, the Joker, and so one could serve as topics for essays in this collection.

Essays should solely focus on comic book adventures, not media adaptations of the characters. Furthermore, essays should look at a single period of comic book history, rather than drawing comparisons between different publication eras. For example, an essay that analyzed Batman comics from the early 1980s and contextualized them with what was happening in American society would be more likely to be accepted than an essay that contrasted 2020s comic books with 1940s comic books. The completed essays should be approximately 15-20 double-spaced pages in MLA format.

Abstracts (100-500 words) and CVs should be submitted by January 10, 2022.

This will be a peer-reviewed project.

Please submit via email to Joseph Darowski, agesofsuperheroes@gmail.com.

Publisher: McFarland & Company


Last updated November 2, 2021

CFP Gender Fluidity in Japanese Arts and Culture (1/31/2022)

Gender Fluidity in Japanese Arts and Culture

deadline for submissions: January 31, 2022

full name / name of organization: 

Dean Conrad, PhD and Sayuri Hirano / 平野早百合, MA.

contact email: japanbook@deanconrad.com

source: https://call-for-papers.sas.upenn.edu/cfp/2021/11/09/gender-fluidity-in-japanese-arts-and-culture


Abstract proposals are being sought from Japanese and non-Japanese scholars writing in English for a book exploring androgyny, ‘cross-dressing’, drag culture, trans-gender issues, sexual identities and other forms of gender fluidity that feature in Japanese arts and culture – past and present.

These may include, but are not limited to: male performances in female roles and plays on the traditional Kabuki and Nō theatre stages; in contrast to the modern Takarazuka Review, with its all-female company – a continuation of the traditional women-only companies that formed in response to restrictive, male-only theatre spaces. Modern pop-culture often inspires the fast-changing, gender-blending fashions of Harajuku with their unique play on media themes and icons. Those icons might in-turn include the androgynous manga and anime characters that seem to have inspired a generation of young film actors and J-pop idols.

Essays need not be confined to modern forms and ‘popular’ culture. Indeed, proposals are also encouraged from scholars offering historical perspectives on older arts, crafts and traditions. This may include religious stories, ancient myths and nature-based folklore – some of which gave rise to the hermaphroditic characters that have found their way, in one form or another, into those 21st century media. To what degree have these traditions served to disrupt a rigid society?

Proposals may draw on aspects of Japanese society by including forms of ‘forbidden love’ in poetry and literature, or the linguistic misunderstandings that can arise from non-gendered titles (san, sama, &c.) in an otherwise traditionally patriarchal society. There is evidence that the gender balance in Japanese society is shifting. As a result, proposals may make refrence to the recent trend for non-gendered clothes, make-up and accessories, the proliferation of bars hosted by transexual and transvestite women and men, or the growing phenomenon of the house-husband or stay-at-home dad. Are these societal responses to gender fluidity in arts and culture, or are they themselves agents of change?

Through the interplay of arts and culture, this book aims to explore the history, richness and complexity of cross-gender representation throughout Japanese society. We are open to proposals that examine any aspect of gender fluidity as it relates to that society – and its influence elsewhere.

A note on contributors

We value perspectives from scholars working within and outwith Japan, so we welcome proposals from both. In order to ensure opportunity for all, and a wide range of view-points, our intention is to divide chapter slots as evenly as possible between Japanese and non-Japanese scholars.

Abstract and final chapter instructions

Initial abstract proposals should be around 500 words. Please send these, together with a 100-word mini biography, to: japanbook@deanconrad.com by 31st Jan. 2022.

Chapters should be 6,000-7,000 words, plus references and notes (the latter should be kept to a minimum), written in American English, using MLA style. These should be submitted by 31st Dec. 2022.


31st January 2022:      Abstract proposal and biog. (500 + 100 words) deadline;

28th February 2022:    Decisions made and essay requests issued;

31st December 2022:   Final chapters due.


Please send any comments or questions – in Japanese or English – to Sayuri Hirano and Dean Conrad at: japanbook@deanconrad.com

Last updated November 10, 2021

Thursday, November 25, 2021

Out Now: IJoCA's Spring/Summer 2021 Number

The latest issue of
IJoCA for Spring/Summer 2021 arrived this week. It can be purchased directly from the journal's website.

Contents (reposted from the journal's blog site) are as follows:

Vol. 23, No. 1 Spring/Summer 2021

In Support of Their Fathers' and Mother's Legacies: 13 Offspring of China's Prominent Cartoonists Explain

John A. Lent with Xu Ying


Coping with Conflict: Boxing Heroes and German Comics in the Aftermath of the First World War

William Hamilton


"Any Children?": "The Family Circus" and the Problems of Parenthood

Michele Ann Abate


"Fragging" The Afghan War: Red Blood

Jose Alaniz


All You Need Is Kill, Not Love -Considering the Romantic Relationship in the Manga and Film Adaptations of Hiroshi Sakurazaka's Novel

Artur Skweres


Jason Little Discusses The Vagina, His NSFW Webcomic

Mike Rhode


The Border Separating Us: Autobiographical Comics of an Australian World War I Internment Camp

Aaron Humphrey and Simon Walsh


Tintin and the Jews (of Contemporary Literature)

Toby Juliff


Within and Between the Visual Metaphoricity of Comics: A Semiotic Approach to the Mahabharata in Amar Chitra Katha

Shivani Sharma


Dramatizing Ontology in 18 Days: Grant Morrison's Mahabharata

and the Battle to Save Eternity!

Jeff S. Wilson


The Role of Fox Feature Syndicate in the Implementation of the Comics Code Authority

Ignacio Fernandez Sarasola


An Interview with 2021 Oscar Nominee: Icelandic Artist, Gisli Darri Halldorsson

Alexandra Bowman

Edited by Michael Rhode


Remembrances of Things Past: Childhood in Graphic Memoirs

Kirsten Mollegaard


The Social Functions and Impacts of Popular Manga in Contemporary Japan: A Case of GOLDEN KAMUY

Kinko Ito


Slaying the Monster: Heroic Lesbian Narratives in World's Finest

Chadwick L. Roberts

Anita K. McDaniel


Poems, Comics and the Spaces Between: An Examination of the Interplay between Poem and Page

Angelo Letizia


The Oriental Superheroes: Political Questions in G. Willow Wilson's Cairo: A Graphic Novel and Ms. Marvel

Noran Amin


The Maternal-Feminine and Matrixial Borderspace in Megan Kelso's ''Watergate Sue"

Alisia Grace Chase


Morpheus Aeternorum: Dreams, Androgyny, and Their Characteristics in Sandman (Preludes & Nocturnes), by Neil Gaiman

Felipe Rodolfo Hendriksen


When Le Chat Was Put Among the Pigeons

Musings by Wim Lockefeer


Obituary & Remembrance of Manga Historian Shimizu Isao

Ronald Stewart


On the Passing of Comics Scholar Tom Inge

Mike Rhode

Marc Singer

Jose Alaniz

Charles Hatfield

Joseph Witek

Vijay Shah

Joe Sutliff Sanders

Michael A. Torregrossa

Randy Duncan

Brian Cremins

John A. Lent


Research Prompts

John A. Lent


New Light on the Soon-to-Be Famous Marie Duval

A Review Essay

David Kunzie


Book Reviews

Hector Fernandez L'Hoeste

Stephanie Burt

John A. Lent

Jean Sebastien

Charles W. Henebry

John A. Lent

Maite U rcaregui

Michael Rhode

John A. Lent

John A. Lent

Chris York

Laura Sayre

John A. Lent


International Journal of Comic Art Manuscript Preparation Guide

John A. Lent and Jaehyeon Jeong


Wednesday, November 10, 2021

CFP Comics Arts Conference WonderCon (12/1/2021; Anaheim 4/1-3/2022)

Comics Arts Conference WonderCon

Source: https://call-for-papers.sas.upenn.edu/cfp/2021/11/03/comics-arts-conference-wondercon

deadline for submissions: December 1, 2021

full name / name of organization:  Comics Arts Conference

contact email: comicsartsconference@gmail.com

The Comics Arts Conference is now accepting 100- to 200-word abstracts for papers, presentations, and panels taking a critical or historical perspective on comics (juxtaposed images in sequence) for a meeting of scholars and professionals at WonderCon, in Anaheim, CA, April 1–3, 2022.  We seek proposals from a broad range of disciplinary and theoretical perspectives and welcome the participation of academic and independent scholars.  We also encourage the involvement of professionals from all areas of the comics industry, including creators, editors, publishers, retailers, distributors, and journalists.  The CAC at WonderCon is presently scheduled to take place in person; however, this may change, and presenters should be prepared to adapt to a virtual format.  The CAC is designed to bring together comics scholars, professionals, critics, and historians to engage in discussion of the comics medium in a forum that includes the public.  Proposals are due December 1, 2021, to our online submission portal at forms.gle/9MQhZiML76v8bp9T7 or via email.  For more information, please contact Kathleen McClancy at comicsartsconference@gmail.com or see our website at comicsartsconference.wp.txstate.edu.

Last updated November 5, 2021

Monday, May 24, 2021

RIP Tom Inge

I'm sorry to have missed this sooner. I only learned the news this weekend from the PCA/ACA's "In Memoriam" page, which posted the following:

M. Thomas Inge

Pioneering popular-culture scholar Milton Thomas Inge died May 15, 2021, in Richmond, Virginia, after suffering a fall at home. He was born March 18, 1936, in Newport News, Virginia. He received his B.A. in English and Spanish from Randolph-Macon College, in Ashland, Virginia, in 1959. He received M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Vanderbilt University in 1960 and 1964.

Tom served as an Instructor of English at Vanderbilt from 1962 to 1964, then as an Assistant and later Associate Professor of American Thought and Language at Michigan State University from 1964 to 1969. He was an Associate and later Full Professor of English at Virginia Commonwealth University from 1969 to 1980 and chaired the English Department from 1974 to 1980. He was Professor and Chair of the Department of English at Clemson University from 1980 to 1984, then the Robert Emory Blackwell Professor of English and Humanities at Randolph-Macon College from 1984 until his death. He was a Resident Scholar in American Studies for the United States Information Agency from 1982 to 1984 and directed the USIA Summer Institute in American Studies in 1993, 1994, and 1995.

Tom’s many books include Donald Davidson: An Essay and a Bibliography (coauthor Thomas Daniel Young, Vanderbilt University Press, 1965); George Washington Harris’s High Times and Hard Times: Sketches and Tales (edited, Vanderbilt University Press, 1967); Agrarianism in American Literature (edited, Odyssey Press, 1969); Donald Davidson (coauthor Thomas Daniel Young, Twayne Publishers, 1971); the landmark three-volume Handbook of American Popular Culture (edited, Greenwood Press, 1978-1981; 2nd ed., 1989); Concise Histories of American Popular Culture (edited, Greenwood Press, 1982); Handbook of American Popular Literature (edited, Greenwood Press, 1988); Comics as Culture (University Press of Mississippi, 1990); Faulkner, Sut, and Other Southerners: Essays in Literary History (Locust Hill Press, 1992); Perspectives on American Culture: Essays on Humor, Literature, and the Popular Arts (Locust Hill Press, 1994); Anything Can Happen in a Comic Strip (Ohio State University Libraries, University Press of Mississippi, and Randolph-Macon College, 1995); Charles M. Schulz: Conversations (edited, University Press of Mississippi, 2000); The Humor of the Old South (coedited with Edward J. Piacentino, University Press of Kentucky, 2001); The Greenwood Guide to American Popular Culture (coedited with Dennis Hall, Greenwood Press, 2002); William Faulkner (Overlook Duckworth, 2006); Literature (editor, University of North Carolina Press, 2008, volume 9 in The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture); Charles M. Schulz’s My Life with Charlie Brown (edited, University Press of Mississippi, 2010); and Will Eisner: Conversations (edited, University Press of Mississippi, 2011).

Tom published dozens of scholarly articles and book chapters. Among the journals in which he published are American Literature, American Studies International, the International Journal of Comic Art, the Journal of American Culture, the Journal of Ethnic Studies, the Journal of Popular Culture, the Journal of Popular Film and Television, the Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts, PMLA, the South Atlantic Review, Studies in American Culture, and Studies in Popular Culture. In addition, Tom published articles in Studies in American Humor and edited that journal for four years. He founded the journal Resources for American Literary Study in 1971 and the book series “Studies in Popular Culture,” “Great Comic Artists,” and “Conversations with Comic Artists” for the University Press of Mississippi. He edited the book series “American Critical Archives” for Cambridge University Press. He was a founder of the American Humor Studies Association and the Southern Studies Forum of the European Association for American Studies.

The M. Thomas Inge Papers are held as part of the Comic Arts Collection at the Virginia Commonwealth University Libraries. Tom is profiled by Michael Dunne in Pioneers in Popular Culture Studies, edited by Ray B. Browne and Michael T. Marsden (Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 1999).

Tom won numerous awards for his research, including the International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts Award for Distinguished Scholarship (2006), the Society for the Study of Southern Literature Richard Beale Davis Award for Distinguished Lifetime Service to Southern Letters (2008), and the Popular Culture Association Lynn Bartholome Eminent Scholar Award (2018).

Tom is survived by his wife, Donária Romeiro Carvalho Inge.

My interaction with Tom was mainly as a reader of his work, at least until recently when I reached out for help with a project on Connecticut Yankee comics. He was very generous in sharing his research and supportive of my own. I regret I will never able to receive feedback on those ideas from him.

Other comics scholars have posted about Tom on the blog of the International Journal of Comics Art. A further tribute to Tom (which details his career in comics) can be found on the Daily Cartoonist site. His home university also has a post in remembrance of Tom.

Tuesday, May 4, 2021

Call for Responses: Comics and Medieval Studies Survey (7/1/2021)

  Please forgive the cross-posting.

Call for Responses: Comics and Medieval Studies Survey

The Association for the Advancement of Scholarship and Teaching of the Medieval in Popular Culture--in an attempt to further our outreach efforts--seeks to gather some information on experiences with the comics medium and uses of that material by teachers and/or scholars of Medieval Studies.

If you're willing to share, please complete the survey at https://tinyurl.com/Medieval-Comics-Survey no later than 1 July 2021.

More information on the Association for the Advancement of Scholarship and Teaching of the Medieval in Popular Culture can be found at https://medievalinpopularculture.blogspot.com/.

The Medieval Comics Project is based at https://medieval-comics-project.blogspot.com/. We also maintain a listserv, the Medieval Comics Project Discussion List. Please sign-up at https://groups.io/g/medieval-comixlist.

If you have any questions or concerns on the survey or other related matters, please reach out to us at MedievalinPopularCulture@gmail.com or Comics.Get.Medieval@gmail.com.

Michael A. Torregrossa, Founder, Blog Editor, and Listserv Moderator, and The Comics Get Medieval Sessions Organizer

Wednesday, April 28, 2021

IJoCA for Fall/Winter 2020

Just released this month: International Journal of Comic Art Vol. 22, No. 2.

Source: http://ijoca.blogspot.com/2021/04/new-issue-of-ijoca-is-out-22-2.html

As always, the journal can be purchased at http://www.ijoca.net/.

Vol. 22, No. 2 Fall/Winter 2020

Editor's Notes
Survilo and Historical Trauma in Contemporary Russian Comics
Jose Alaniz
Tintin: From Violent Communist-Hating Conservative to Radical Peacenik, Part 2
Marty Branagan
An Interview with Patricia Breccia
Hector Fernandez L'Hoeste
"The Fez, The Harem Pants, and the Embroidered Tie: Fashion and the Politics of Orientalism
in Three Francophone Graphic Novels"
Annabelle Cone
Far Out of the Box: The Comics of Chile's Marcela Trujillo (Maliki)
John A. Lent with Geisa Fernandes
The Characteristics of Japanese Manga
Natsume Fusanosuke
Translated by Jon Holt and Teppei Fukuda
Ordinary Enemies: Robert Kanigher, Garth Ennis, and the Myth of the Unblemished Wehrmacht
Stephen Connor

Re-invention of Indian Myths in the Superhero Comic Books of Nagraj
Pritesh Chakraborty
Watchmen: An Exploration of Transcendence in Comics
Christine Atchison
The 1936-1939 Spanish Civil War and American Comics
Francisco Saez de Adana and Michel Matly
Comix from the Cosmos: Interview with Barbara "Willy" Mendes
Kim Munson
Trying Times Require Re-inventiveness: Ways of Coping of Taiwan's Ling Qun
John A. Lent
"Reoccurring Dreams": Music and the Elegiac Voice in John Porcellino's Perfect Example
Brian Cremins
The Maternal-Feminine and Matrixial Borderspace in Megan Kelso's Watergate Sue
Alisia Grace Chase
How Sugiura's Ninja-Boy Comics Developed after the Asia-Pacific War
Kosei Ono
The Pedagogy and Potential of Educational Comics
Aaron Humphrey
To Play or Not to Play? That Is the Question:Perspectives on Organized Youth Sports in Comic Strips
Jeffrey O. Segrave
An Interview with India's Ghost Animation Studio about Their Short Film "Wade"
Alexandra Bowman
An Expert on Arrow: Critical Fan Activism and Gail Simone's Twitter
Peter Cullen Bryan
Is It a Bird? Is It a Plane? It's Jack the Ripper!
Andrew Edwards
Habibi Worth a Thousand Words, and a Few Words Worth a Thousand Tales
Safa Al-shammary
In Memory of Theresa Lee Wai-chun (1943-2020)
Wendy Siuyi Wong
Print Is Dead; Long Live Print!: Are Digital Comics Killing the Print Comics Industry?
Kyle Eveleth
Comics as a Window into Disposability: Some Thoughts
Angelo J. Letizia
Cartoons in the Time of Corona in India
Mrinal Chatterjee
The Wild Career Path of Taiwan's Tsai Chih-chung: Animator, Comic Strips and Books Creator, Physicist, now Monk
John A. Lent with Xu Ying

Book Reviews
John A. Lent
Janis Be Breckenridge
Bryan Bove
Christopher Roman
Tony Wei Ling
John A. Lent
Lizzy Walker
Elke Defever
John A. Lent
Cord A. Scott
John A. Lent
Matthew Teutsch
A. David Lewis
John A. Lent
Aaron Ricker
John A. Lent

Exhibition Reviews
Chris Yogerst
Lim Cheng Tju
Chaney Jewell and Cassandra Christ


IJoCA for Spring/Summer 2020

Released last fall, here are the contents for the International Journal of Comic Art Vol. 22, No. 1.

Source: http://ijoca.blogspot.com/2020/10/new-issue-of-ijoca-is-out-22-1.html

Cultural Imperialism Strikes Back: A South American Symposium

Cultural Imperialism Strikes Back: A South American Symposium

Martin Alejandro Salinas and Sebastian Horacio Gago


One World, Many Batmen: From Cultural Imperialism to the Culture of the Empire

Martin Alejandro Salinas


"What Does a Few Lives Matter?'': Notes on Two Comic-book Invasions of Hector Oesterheld (1974-1977)

Sebastian Gago

Translated by Alejandra Pina Mas and Martin Salinas


Graphic Narratives, a Tool of Imperialism in South America?

Deconstructing American Superheroes in Brazilian and Chilean Comics (1960-1970)

Ivan Lima Gomes


Writing the History of Comics: The Case of. the Di Tella Biennial (Buenos Aires, "1968)

Lucas R. Berone

Translated by Mariana de Madariaga and Lucas Berone


Disney Academy: Donald Duck as the Western Imperialism Paradigm

Rodrigo Browne S. and Rosmery-Ann Boegeholz C.



Toxic Reading Material: Techniques Used by Society and Governments to Control Comic Books

Ignacio Fernandez Sarasola


Book Review Essay

Hector Fernandez L'Hoeste


Graphic Narratives in Sikh Comics: Iconography and Religiosity as a Critical Art Historical Enquiry

of the Sikh Comics Art Form

Jasleen Kandhari


Tintin: From Violent, Communist-Hating Conservative to Radical Peacenik

Marty Branagan


Lost in Modernity: Doodling in the Digital Age

Levi Obonyo and Njoki Chege


Sacrificing Healing: The Loss and Resilience of Yurok Healing in Chag Lowry and Rahsan Ekedal's Soldiers Unknown

Robyn Johnson


This Land Is Whose Land? Voices of Belonging in Three First-Generation American Graphic Memoirs

Mirvat Mohamed and Kirsten Mellegaard


Representations de l'autre solitude dans quelques BD et comics canadiens dont l'histoire se passe a Montreal (1st partie)

[Representations of the Other Solitude in Select Canadian Comics and BDs Which Take Place in Montreal (Part 1)]

Chris Reyns-Chikuma


Representations de l'autre solitude dans quelques BD et comics canadiens dont l'histoire se passe a Montreal (2· partie)

[Representation of the Other Solitude in Some Canadian BD and Comics Which Take Place in Montreal (Part 2)]

Chris Reyns-Chikuma


Chinese Comic Art Museums and Centers Part One: A Personal Mission

John A. Lent


Chinese Comic Art Museums and Centers Part Two: The China Comics Village

Yan Chuanming, Xu Ying, John A. Lent


Anime and Gender Roles in Kuwaiti Islamic Culture: A Conflict of Cultural Values?

Ahmed Baroody


The Outdatedness of Superheroism? The Condition of the Superhero Myth: Past and Today

Michal Chudolinski


Hans Jaladara, Creator of Indonesia's Panji Tengkorak

Iwan Zahar and Toni Masdiono with John A. Lent


Ganesh TH, the Author of Si Buta dari Goa Hantu: The Most Celebrated Comics of the Indonesian Comics Golden Age

lwan Zahar and Toni Masdiono


Nearly 50 Years Ago

An Early Glimpse of China's Maoist Comics: A Review

David Kunzie


"You're a star if you can louse up 70% of the time": Sport in Jeff MacNelly's "Shoe"

Jeffrey 0. Segrave and John A. Cosgrove


Flexible Comics?: Sequential Images on Screen Media

Jakob F. Dittmar


A Transmedia Case Study: Batman - The Animated Series

Jason D. DeHart



John A. Lent


The Printed Word

John A. Lent


Book Reviews

Maite Urcarcgui

Marie Sartain

Misha Grifka Wander

John A. Lent

Edward Salo

Sam Cowling

Patrick ljima-Washburn


Exhibition Review Essay

Exhibitions of the 47th Angouleme International Comics Festival

Nick Nguyen


Exhiibition Reviews

Nick Nguyen


Monday, June 8, 2020

Worth Reading: DC's Batman: Last Knight on Earth

I usually post short reviews to Amazon; this summer, I thought I'd try some blog posts.

Batman: Last Knight on Earth

Billed as "The Last BATMAN Story Ever Told...," Snyder and Capullo's series Batman: Last Knight on Earth (now collected in a hardcover edition) builds on their last arc of the New 52's Batman series.

Batman: Last Knight on Earth positions a new Batman/Bruce Wayne to rise to become a hero in a potential future of the DCU. It is a bleak world (rather like DCeased and Justice League Dark: Apokolips War), but there is a lot of hope in the end (and some intriguing use of the Joker character).

See below for DC's teaser trailer for the series:

Thursday, March 19, 2020

CFP Futures of Cartoons Past: The Cultural Politics of X-Men: The Animated Series (Edited Collection) (6/30/2020)

CALL FOR ABSTRACTS — Futures of Cartoons Past: The Cultural Politics of X-Men: The Animated Series (Edited Collection)

deadline for submissions:
June 30, 2020

full name / name of organization:
Nicholas E. Miller

contact email:


Edited by Jeremy M. Carnes, Margaret Galvan, and Nicholas E. Miller.

Collection under Advance Contract with the University Press of Mississippi.

This volume will collect new scholarship on X-Men: The Animated Series (1992-1997), providing scholars and fans with an overdue assessment of the series from perspectives in comics studies, fan studies, and media studies. While the 90s have often been viewed as a “regressive” era for comics by creators and scholars alike (e.g. Trina Robbins), this collection carefully examines the complicated cultural politics of X-Men: The Animated Series across disciplines such as animation studies, childhood studies, comics studies, culture studies, fashion studies, gender and sexuality studies, media studies, and visual art. This collection will not only serve as a foundation for future scholarship on the animated series, but also on the transmedial landscapes of X-Men narratives specifically and “Saturday cartoons” more broadly. In addition to scholarly essays, we invite the contribution of original comics, zines, or transcripts of relevant interviews and podcasts.

Contributors may choose to consider (but are certainly not limited to) the following topics and issues in relation to X-Men: The Animated Series:

  • Historical considerations of the series—including nostalgia and the legacy of 1990s comics culture
  • Transmedia and adaptation—including considerations of technologies such as coloring and animation
  • Artistic considerations related to costuming, design, fashion, merchandising and the music in/of the series
  • Representation and mutant metaphors—including issues of race, ethnicity, indigeneity, gender, sexuality, disability, class, etc.
  • Youth culture, girlhood studies and other considerations related to audience engagement
  • Reception studies, fan studies, and the importance of fan fiction, fan art, and other types of paratexts
  • Post- futures and the potential failures of the series—including the postcolonial, the posthuman, etc.

Please submit CVs and 300-word abstracts to Nicholas E. Miller at nemiller@valdosta.edu. Final essays will be limited to 6000 words. Questions and inquiries before the deadline are welcome.

JUNE 30, 2020

JULY 30, 2020

DECEMBER 15, 2020

Last updated October 8, 2019

Monday, March 16, 2020

IJoCA Fall/Winter 2019

The latest number of the International Journal of Comic Art is now available to subscribers and for purchase at http://www.ijoca.net/.

Full contents from the IJoCA Blog are as follows:

Vol. 21, No. 2 Fall/Winter 2019
Editor's Notes
John A. Lent

Encrumbed by the Signifying Monkey: Con Men, Cackling Clowns, and the Exigencies of Desire in the Comics of Robert Crumb
Andrew Perry

Initial Investigation of Political Cartoons and Illustrations in the Anti-Extradition Bill Protest in Hong Kong
Justin, Chiu-tat Wong

War, Romance, and Everyday Life in Beirut's Emerging Alt-Comix Scene
Jonathan Guyer

Invisible, Unseeing, Alienated: Mexico and William S. Burroughs in Bernardo Fernandez's Uncle Bill
Ryan Prout

Underground Cartoonists Exhibit in the Soviet Union, 1990
Gilbert Shelton

Italian Underground, The Secret Life of ltalian Comics, 1968-1978
Simone Castaldi

The Intrigue Surrounding China's Ink Wash Painting Animation
John A. Lent and Xu Ying

Patriarchal Ideology in Kenya's Editorial Cartoons: A Cultural Studies Approach
Joseph N. Nyanoti

Out the Window: Illustrating the Realities of Alzheimer's in Paco Roca's Arrugas
Janis Be Breckenridge
Devyani Gupta

I'm Blackety Black Y'all: Conventions of the Superhero in the CW's "Black Lightning"
Haley Hulan

The Geek Culture in the Urban Environment: The Comics' Characters in Cranio's Graffiti
Joiio Batista Freitas Cordosa
Evandro Gabriel Izidoro Merli
Lucas Scavone

Portraying Social Issues: A Heuristic Study of Contemporary Cartoons in India
Mrinal Chatterjee

Becoming a Man: The Allure of Muscular Masculinity in Manga by Ikki Kajiwara
Noboru Tomonari

Generative Comics: Introduction and Analysis
Malik Nairat and Palle Dahlstedt

"Ao Correr da Pena"--"With a Stroke of the Pen" Drawing Vila Franca De Xira and Its People
Marlene Pohle

I Have Much To Tell You: Reflections on Cartoonists Zapiro and Khalid Albaih
Louise C. Larsen

An Interview with M. Thomas Inge
Brian Baynes

My Father, Mi Gu, A Masterful Cartoonist
Zhu Yaozhou
Translated by Xu Ying

Japan's Country Image: Perceptions of Filipino Early Generations and Anime University Student-Viewers
Joanna Luisa B. Obispo

The Skull and the Elephant: The Significance of The Punisher in American Political Eras
Cord Scott

13 Major Blows to the World of Comic Art
John A. Lent

The Printed Word
John A. Lent

Book Reviews
Carlotta Vacchelli
Radmila Stetlcova
John A. Lent
Catherine E. Corder
Stephen Connor
John A. Lent
Xu Ying

Exhibition and Media Reviews
Edited by Mike Rhode

Exhibition Reviews
Mike Rhode
Mike Rhode
Carli Spina



Wednesday, March 4, 2020

CFPs MLA 2021 in Toronto

The MLA's Comics and Graphic Narrative Forum has three active calls for papers for the 2021 meeting in Toronto.

Full details can be accessed via the links that follow:

MLA 2021 Special Session CFP: Comics and Graphic Narratives for Young Audiences (Deadline: 03/10/20): https://graphicnarratives.org/2020/02/19/mla-2021-special-session-cfp-comics-and-graphic-narratives-for-young-audiences-deadline-03-10-20/.

MLA 2021 Special Session CFP: Decolonizing Comics and/as Activism (Deadline: 03/15/20): https://graphicnarratives.org/2020/02/19/mla-2021-special-session-cfp-decolonizing-comics-and-as-activism-deadline-03-15-20/.

MLA 2021 Guaranteed Session CFP: New Flashpoints in Comics History (Deadline: 03/15/20):  https://graphicnarratives.org/2020/02/19/mla-2021-guaranteed-session-cfp-new-flashpoints-in-comics-history-deadline-03-15-20/.



IJoCA Spring/Summer 2019

Catching up again.

Here are the contents for the International Journal of Comic Art Vol. 21, No. 1 for Spring/Summer 2019 as posted on the IJoCA site (http://www.ijoca.net/new/sub3_past.html#vol21no1).

It is a massive issue totaling 840 pages and can be purchased from the publisher at http://www.ijoca.net/new/sub4_subscript.html. Subscriptions are also available at the same link.

Ronald Stewart 

Itō Hirobumi’s Nose: Syphilis in Early 20th Century Japanese Cartoons

Paul M. Malone 

“You Are Leaving the French Sector”: Flix’s Spirou in Berlin and the Internationalization of German Comics

Anton Kannemeyer 

As I Please: A Personal Reflection on Censorship

Annabelle Cone 

The “Bobo” (bourgeois-bohème) as Post-Modern Figure? Gentrification and Globalization in Dupuy and Berberian’s Monsieur Jean and Boboland

Tania Pérez-Cano

Graphic Testimonies of the Balsero Crisis of 1994: Narratives of Cuban Detainees at the Guantánamo Naval Base

Ana Merino 

Comics Reinventing Creativity in the Museum: Some Thoughts about the Show “Viñetas Desbordadas/Overflowing Panels”

Jon Holt 

Ishii Takashi, Beyond 1979: Ero Gekiga Godfather, GARO Inheritor, or Shōjo Manga Artist?

Daniel F. Yezbick 

Of Bears, Birds, and Barks: Animetaphoric Antagonism and Animalscéant Anxieties within Dell Funny Animal Franchise Comics

John A. Lent 

Wang Ning, Beijing Total Vision Culture Spreads Co. Ltd., and the Transnationalization of Chinese Comic Books

Alvaro Alemán and Eduardo Villacís 

Pointed Language: Reading Paola Gaviria’s Virus Tropical (2009) from the Perspective of the Visual Protocols of the Graphic Novel

Héctor Fernández L’Hoeste 

On Butterflies, Viruses, and Visas: Comics and the Perils of Diasporic Imagined Communities

Anu Sugathan 

The City and the Medium of Comics: Depiction of Urban Space in Sarnath Banerjee’s Corridor and The Barn Owl’s Wondrous Capers

Dietrich Grünewald (Translated by Christina Little)

Crossing Borders: Graphic Novels Quoting Art

Kent Worcester

That Chameleon Quality: An Interview with R. Sikoryak

Sara Dallavalle 

Popular Format and Auteur Format in Italian Comics. The Case of Magnus

Sam Cannon and Hugo Hinojosa Lobos 

Chile’s Military Dictatorship and Comics as Alternative Methods of Memorialization: Critical Approaches from Contemporary Chilean Graphic Novels

Leila Sadegh Beigi 

Marjane Satrapi’s Persepolis and Embroideries: A Graphic Novelization of Sexual Revolution across Three Generations of Iranian Women

Mathieu Li-Goyette 

A Sublime in Tension Around Alexandre Fontaine Rousseau and Francis Desharnais’ Les Premiers Aviateurs

Michelle Ann Abate 

“They’re Quite Strange in the Larval Stage”: Children and Childhood in Gary Larson’s “The Far Side”

Magnus Nilsson 

Marxism Across Media: Characterization and Montage in Variety Artwork’s Capital in Manga

Debarghya Sanyal 

The Desi Archie: Selling India’s America to America’s India

Sina Shamsavari

Gay Male Porno Comics: Genre, Conventions, and Challenges

Anno Moyoco Yasuko Akiyama 

Ambitious Women in Male Manga Magazines: Sakuran and Hataraki-Man

Aimee Vincent 

“Hey Kids, Patriarchy!”: Satire and Audience on the Back Covers of Bitch Planet

Chad A. Barbour

The Fine Art of Genocide: Underground Comix and U.S. History as Horror Story

John Darowski

Superman’s Remediation of Mid-20th Century American Identity

Héctor Fernández L’Hoeste 

A Matter of Affect: Illustrated Responses to the Immigration Debacle

Bi Keguan (Edited by Bi Weimin) (Translated by Xu Ying)

Random Notes of the Editorial Office of China’s Manhua Magazine

Chu Der-Chung (Zola Zu) with John A. Lent (Translation by Xu Ying)85

The Chus: A Family Teeming with Cartoonists

Alvaro Alemán and Eduardo Villacís 

TFaith in Comics: Ex-voto Religious Offerings and Comic Art

Barbara Zocal Da Silva 

Translated Hispano-American Comics in Brazil

Conversation with Jan Ziolkowski and Ariana Chaivaranon 

An Afternoon with R. O. Blechman

John Gardner 

Kennedy Conspiracy Comics: ¡en Español!

Michela Canepari 

The Myth of Frankensteinfrom Mary Shelley to Gris Grimly: Some Intersemiotic and Ideological Issues

The Best We Could Do: A Mini-Symposium

Isabelle Martin 

The Role of Water in the Construction of Refugee Subjectivity in Thi Bui’s The Best We Could Do

Debarghya Sanyal 

A Burden of Tales: Memories, Trauma, and Narratorial Legacies in The Best We Could Do and Munnu

Francesca Lyn 

The Fragmentary Body: Traumatic Configurations in Autobiographical Comics by Women of Color

A. David Lewis 

A Graphic Medicine Prescription

Pioneers in Comics Scholarship

Kosei Ono 

My Life with American Comics: How It Started

Shefali Elizabeth Mathew 

Nature of Reality in the Graphic: “Calvin and Hobbes”

Introduced by Jochen Garcke 

The Mindset of a Professional Exhibition Curator


Licia Citti 

One Life, Many Loves: Dario Mogno’s Passion for Cinematography, Publishing, Comics, and Cuba

John A. Lent 

The Printed Word

Shawn Gilmore; David Kunzle 

Review Essays

Jean-Paul Gabilliet 

Exhibition Review Essay

Rachel Kunert-Graf; Stephen Connor; Kirsten Møllegaard; John A. Lent; Maite Urcaregui

Book Reviews

Carli Spina 

Exhibition and Media Reviews (edited by Mike Rhode)


Tuesday, March 3, 2020

NeMLA Update

Here are the full details of the Saving the Day roundtable for NeMLA later this week. 

Northeast Modern Language Association 51st Annual Convention, 5-8 March 2020
Marriott Copley Place, Boston, Massachusetts

Saturday, Mar 7, Track 18, 04:45-06:00        
Location: HYANNIS (Media Equipped)

18.17 Saving the Day: Accessing Comics in the 21st Century (Roundtable)
Organized by Michael A. Torregrossa, Independent Scholar, and Carl B. Sell, Oklahoma Panhandle State University. 

Chair: Michael Torregrossa, Independent Scholar
Cultural Studies and Media Studies & Pedagogy & Professional

"Krazy in the Klassroom: Teaching Early Newspaper Comics" Jonathan Najarian, Boston University
Teaching early twentieth-century newspaper comics presents a unique challenge: not only is there an incredible wealth of content to sift through, many of the most famous cartoon characters of the period—Krazy Kat, the Yellow Kid, the Katzenjammer Kids—were products of a material print culture that is quickly disappearing. This talk will sample some of the excellent online resources available for instructors wishing to introduce newspaper comics into their classroom, including the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum website, digitalcomicmuseum.com, and the excellent Yellow Kid website hosted by the University of Virginia. I also plan to contrast online resources with traditional print resources such as those published by Sunday Press and Taschen, with an eye towards understanding how the internet has at once facilitated and complicated how we introduce early comics to our students. For while the internet has democratized access to many comics that would be otherwise forgotten, it has also further removed us from the print and material context in which this work was originally received.

Jon Najarian received his PhD from Boston University in 2019. He is currently at work on a book manuscript titled The Intermedial Era: Literary and Pictorial Narrative from Modernism to Comics, which proposes a new context for understanding the rise of the graphic novel by linking the development of comics as a form to the multimedia experiments of modernist writing. He has published articles on Thomas Pynchon, the philosophy of Stanly Cavell, and the current state of comics studies.

"Finding Frankensteins (and Other Illustrated Classics): Resources for Research and Teaching" Michael Torregrossa, Independent Scholar
In 2012, I took a graduate-level seminar at Rhode Island College devoted to Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and its afterlife in popular culture. We were assigned to do a short research paper, and, being a life-long, reader of comics I eventually settled on a paper looking at how the text has been adapted onto the comics page. Eight years, four conference papers, and one on-campus address later, I am still fascinated by the vitality of Shelley’s characters in the comics medium and the variety of forms her story has taken in comics over the course of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. The focus of this presentation will be on the various online tools (such as The Grand Comics Database, Comics Vine, the catalog of Lone Star Comics, and fan-made comics resources) available for locating and cataloging representations of Frankenstein in the comics as well new ways (like comiXology, Marvel Unlimited, and DC Universe) to access these texts. I’ll also comment on some of the ways I’ve used these material in my research and teaching and additional resources for tracking discussions of these works. All of these approaches can be applied to any literary text that has been adapted into the comics medium.

Michael A. Torregrossa is a graduate of the Medieval Studies program at the University of Connecticut (Storrs) and works as an adjunct instructor in English in both Rhode Island and Massachusetts. His research interests include adaptation, comics and comic art, Frankensteiniana, monsters, and science fiction. Michael has presented papers on these topics at regional, national, and international conferences. He is also active in the Northeast Popular Culture/American Culture Association and is currently its Monsters and the Monstrous Area Chair, but he previously served as its Fantastic (Fantasy, Science Fiction, and Horror) Area Chair, a position he held from 2009-2018.

"Pirate Booty: Scholars and Scanned Comics" Charles Henebry, Boston University
In the late 1990s and early 2000s, fan culture embraced digitization, with the result that a wealth of rare comics became widely available, from Action Comics 1 to the full run of Alan Moore's Miracleman in Eclipse. This has been a boon to scholarship, since the original issues were generally scanned complete with letters pages, editor's notes and vintage advertisements for plastic soldiers, all elements of the historical original that tend to be left out from reprints—as well as from official Marvel and DC online editions. This leaves scholars in a quandary, dependent on pirated intellectual property. 

Charles W. Henebry received his doctorate in English literature from New York University in 2003. Originally a student of emblems — Elizabethan comic-books, roughly speaking — he has for the past ten years focused his scholarship on the four-color world of superheroes, from the genesis of Superman’s costume change to the impact of the 1960s antiwar movement on Iron Man. He is the author of seven articles in Greenwood Publishing Group’s 2014 Comics Through Time encyclopedia and long-form essays in The Ages of Iron Man, The Ages of the Justice League, and The Ages of the Flash—as well as the forthcoming Ages of the Black Panther.

"Affordability, Access, & Flexibility in Teaching Comics in the 21st Century" Lance Eaton, University of Massachusetts Boston
This contribution will explore and discuss a different approach to considering access and pedagogy when teaching courses on comics and other similar courses where costs to learning materials can easily skyrocket.  The approach recenters the focus of what is being taught about comics while offering up a playlist of readings that students can choose from to read in preparation for any given class along with clear identification of what materials are attainable through the library.  Leveraging such communal resources means that students come to class having to demonstrate how they take course concepts and learnings and apply them to individual readings. While initially, it has the potential to look a bit chaotic, it also gives students lots of opportunities to provide something unique and distinct about their learning pathway and what they get to read and analyze, thereby increasing their interest and development throughout the course.  

Lance Eaton is an Instructional Designer and Faculty Development Specialist at Brandeis University.  He teaches literature, popular culture, comics, and other interdisciplinary courses at North Shore Community College and Southern New Hampshire University.  He also is the Executive Secretary for the Northeast Popular Culture Association.  He has presented at local, regional, and national conferences on teaching and learning in online environments, hybrid flexible pedagogy, universal design for learning, OER, and open pedagogy.  He writes for several magazines and websites.  He is currently working on his PhD in Higher Education with a focus on academic piracy of research literature.

"Graphic Medicine Online" A. David Lewis, MCPHS University
Publications, lectures, classes, and conferences on Graphic Medicine (i.e. the study and use of comics in terms of medical, health, or patient experience) are amassing monthly, but less known are the number of digital resources also growing in frequency and accessibility. First, there is the Graphic Medicine site itself, largely the origin point for the Anglophone contingent of these scholars, followed by the Annals of Graphic Medicine, original health-related comics hosted by the Annals of Internal Medicine and the American College of Physicians. Independent online magazine The Nib produces award-winning non-fiction comics on the state of healthcare in America, and numerous Graphic Medicine creators (e.g. Rachel Lindsay, Dr. Mike Natter, etc.) work in digital-first channels.
Beyond the scholarship, reportage, and new art, software utilizing Graphic Medicine is now on the rise, with apps like Jumo Health AR (and Medikidz), ‘Flo, and the numerous print comics repurposed (and sometimes augmented) for smartphone and computer monitors. Gatekeepers and barriers are becoming all the more reduced with these digital and online options; moreover, perhaps unlike other moments in Comics Studies, the field of Graphic Medicine appears particularly welcoming of such tech among its discourse and implementation.

A. David Lewis is an Instructor and Program Coordinator in the School of Healthcare Business at MCPHS University. In addition to being an established comics writer, editor, and comics studies scholar, he is also the founder of the Graphic Medicine library collection at his university and a national lecturer on the topic of comics and healthcare, medical education, and patient narratives. His 2014 book on the superhero genre and audience negotiation of personal of identity & selfhood was nominated for that year's Eisner Awards in "Best Scholarly/Academic Work," and his co-edited book Digital Death with Christopher M. Moreman received the 2015 Ray and Pat Browne Award for Best Edited Collection in Popular and American Culture.

"Educating the Total Nerd: Resources for Using the Products of Fandom in the Classroom" Michael Dittman, Butler County Community College
While the popularity of comic book movies has largely reinforced the dichotomy of the creator/reader passive relationship, educators can enrich their classrooms by examining and integrating the active role fans take in producing material which runs parallel in canon but sometimes surpasses in quality.  With the expansion of the comic fan base beyond the traditional white male coded perception and the latency of the comic corporations in diversifying their products and characters, fans have taken it upon themselves to create representation.  This idea of finding and situating one’s identity into the larger culture through its products is a useful one to explore, especially in the composition classroom.  Educators who familiarize themselves with the word of fan product can use these tools to help to move their classrooms beyond the more passive classroom reading and discussion of comics to a higher level of cognition including synthesis and creation. 
This brief, informal presentation focuses on both finding and identifying repositories of fan product to be used in the classroom and the resources available to incorporate the creation of fandom texts into the classroom.  Among other resources, gathering models from repositories such as CBR’s “Comic Book Idol” and Comic Art Network, the vast collection of fanfilms on both YouTube and Vimeo, and the collections of fanfic on Movellas and wattpad will be highlighted.  The use of how-to guides like “FanFiction for Literacy” and “Popculture Classroom” as well as others in curriculum planning will be presented. 

Michael Dittman is an associate professor of English at Butler County Community College.  His comic book and comic art reviews have appeared in CBR, International Journal of Comic Art, and others.  His comic fandom scholarship has appeared in Works and Days and other journals.  His books include Jack Kerouac, The Beat Generation, Three Days in Pittsburgh, and the novel Small Brutal Incidents.